Divisions

Division

PROJECT ELEPHANT

Printer-friendly version

PROJECT ELEPHANT


 

INTRODUCTION
 
Elephant ( Elephas maximus ) is the largest terrestrial mammal of India . Elephant being wide ranging animal requires large areas . As per our mythology , elephant took birth from celestial waters and thus are closely associated with rains / water because of the belief. The requirement of food and water for elephants are very high and therefore their population can be supported only by forests that are under optimal conditions. The status of elephant can be the best indicator of the status of the forests. Asian elephants were believed to be widely distributed – from Tigris – Euphrates in West Asia eastward through Persia into the Indian sub-continent , South and Southeast Asia including Sri Lanka , Java , Sumatra , Borneo and up to North China. However currently they are confined to Indian Subcontinent , South East Asia and some Asian Islands - Sri Lanka, Indonesia and Malaysia. About half of the Asian elephant population is in India.
Old literatures indicate that even during the Moghul period , elephants were found all over India including many part of Central India like Marwar , Chanderi , Satwas , Bijagarh and Panna. However current distribution of wild elephant in India is confined to South India ; North East including North West Bengal ; Central Indian states of Orissa , South WB and Jharkhand; and North West India in Uttarakahnd and UP.
Project Elephant (PE) was launched by the Government of India in the year 1992 as a Centrally Sponsored Scheme with following objectives :
  • To protect elephants, their habitat & corridors
• to address issues of man-animal conflict
• welfare of domesticated elephants
Financial and technical support are being provided to major elephant bearing States in the country. The Project is being mainly implemented in 13 States / UTs , viz. Andhra pradesh , Arunachal Pradesh , Assam , Jharkhand , Karnataka , Kerala , Meghalaya , Nagaland , Orissa , Tamil Nadu , Uttranchal , Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal. Small support is also being given to Maharashtra and Chattisgarh . Main activities under the Project are as follows:
  • Ecological restoration of existing natural habitats and migratory routes of elephants;
• Development of scientific and planned management for conservation of elephant habitats and viable population of Wild Asiatic elephants in India;
• Promotion of measures for mitigation of man elephant conflict in crucial habitats and moderating pressures of human and domestic stock activities in crucial elephant habitats;
• Strengthening of measures for protection of Wild elephants form poachers and unnatural causes of death;
• Research on Elephant management related issues;
• Public education and awareness programmes;
• Eco-develoment
• Veterinary care

OUTLAY /EXPENDITURE DURING 5 YEAR PLANS ( In Rs Crores )

Estimation of wild elephant population in the year 2007 -08

The all India enumeration of wild population of elephants in the country is carried out at every five year interval. The comparative figures as below for the states shows that the estimated population of wild elephants in the country has increased by more than one thousand compared to the 2002

 
ESTIMATED POPULATION OF WILD ELEPHANTS -2007-08
   

Elephent Reserves:

Till now 26 Elephant Reserves (ERs) extending over about 60,000 sq kmt have been formally notified by various State Governments . Consent for establishment 6 more ERs - Baitarini ER & South Orissa ER in Orissa , Lemru & Badalkhod in Chattisgarh and Ganga-Jamuna (Shiwalik) ER in U.P , Khasi ER in Meghalaya has been accorded by MOEF. The concerned State Governments are yet to notify these ERs.

List of Elephant Reserves with area and population as per 2005 census are as follows. In year 2005 for the first time enumeration were done in ERs. Next estimation in ERs will be in the year 2010.

 


ELEPHANT RESERVES WITH ESTIMATED POPULATION IN INDIA
STATE WISE FUNDS RELEASED UNDER PROJECT ELEPHANT FROM 2002-03 TO 2008-2009
FUND RELEASED FOR EX-GRATIA UNDER PROJECT ELEPHANT
   
Monitoring of Illegal Killing of Elephants ( MIKE )Programme
   
Mandated by COP resolution of CITES , MIKE program started in South Asia in the year 2003 with following purpose –
To provide information needed for elephant range States to make appropriate management and enforcement decisions, and to build institutional capacity within the range States for the long-term management of their elephant populations
The main objectives of the MIKE are
 
  • to measure levels and trends in the illegal hunting of elephants;
• to determine changes in these trends over time; and
• to determine the factors causing or associated with such changes, and to try and assess in particular to what extent observed trends are a result of any decisions taken by the Conference of the Parties to CITES
Under the programme data are being collected from all sites on monthly basis in specified MIKE patrol form and submited to Sub Regional Support Office for South Asia Programme located in Delhi who are assisting Ministry in the implementation of the progremme.
   

MIKE sites in India
  • 1. Chirang Ripu (Assam )
• 2. Dhang Patki ( Assam )
• 3. Eastern Dooars ( WB )
• 4. Deomali ( Arun Pradesh )
• 5. Garo Hills ( Meghalaya )
• 6. Mayurbhanj ( Orissa )
• 7. Mysore ( Karnataka )
• 8. Nilgiri ( T N )
• 9. Shivalik ( Uttarakhand )
10. Wayanad ( Kerala
   

NEW GUIDELINES
 
1. Euthanasia in Elephants
 
2. Guidelines for care and management of captive elephants

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

For further information, please contact :

A.N. Prasad
Director (Project Elephant)
Government of India
Ministry of Environment & Forests
Paryawaran Bhawan, CGO Complex
Lodi Road, NEW DELHI - 110 003 INDIA
E-Mail : gajendra%20at%20nic[dot]in
Phone # 91-11-24360549
Fax # 91-11-24360678

 

MoEF Home Page