Ministry of Environment & Forests

Biological Diversity Act 2002 and establishment of

National Biodiversity Authority ,Chennai


         India is party to the Convention on Biological Diversity(CBD) 1992 which recognizes the sovereign rights of states to use their own Biological Resources. In order to help in realizing the objectives of CBD, India has enacted an umbrella legislation called the biological Diversity Act 2002(No.18 of 2003) aimed at conservation of biological resources and associated knowledge as well as facilitating access to them in a sustainable manner and through a just process.


          In exercise of the powers conferred by Sub-Section (1) (4) of Section 8 of the Biological Diversity Act, 2002 (18 of 2003), the Central Government has established a body called the National Biodiversity Authority,  on and from the 1st day of October, 2003.  The main functions of the Authority are  :


a)     To lay down procedures and guidelines to govern the activities provided under   Section 3, 4, and 6. (Permission to foreigners/NRI’s foreign companies)


§   For obtaining any biological resource (Section -3)

§        For transferring the results of any research (Section -4).

  Certain collaborative research projects exempted

         (Section 5)


b) To advice the Government of India. Specific areas mentioned as

     per the Act are the following:


                 i) Notifications of threatened species (Section -38)

ii) Designate institutions as repositories for different categories of biological resources (Section -39)

iii) Exempt certain biological resources, normally traded as commodities (Section -40)

c)    To encourage setting up State Biodiversity Boards

d)      To build up database and documentation system

e)     To creat awareness through mass media

              i.                        Training of personnel

            ii.                        Necessary measures in the areas of Intellectual Propriety Rights

   For details on the Biological Diversity  Act 2002  and the Rules and   

   various notifications ,formats etc prescribed under the Act , please