MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT& FORESTS
(Department of Environment, Forests & Wildlife)
New Delhi, the 1st February 1989
Notification under 3(2)(v) of Environment (Protection) Act, 1986, and Rule 5(3)(d) of Environment (Protection) Rules, 1986, restricting location of industries, mining operations and other development activities in the Doon Valley in Uttar Pradesh.
S.O. 102(E)--Whereas notification under sub-rule (3) of rule 5 of the Environment (protection) Rules, 1986, inviting objections against the imposition of restriction on location of industries, mining operations and other developmental activities in the Doon Valley, in Uttar Pradesh was published vide No. S.O. 923(E), dated the 6th October, 1988;
And whereas all objections received have been duly considered by the Central Government:
Now, therefore, in exercise of the Powers conferred by Clause (d) of sub-rule (3) of Rule (5) of the said rules, the Central Government hereby imposes restrictions on the following activities in the Doon Valley, bounded on the North by Mussoorie ridge, in the North-East by Lesser Himalayan ranges, on the South-West by Shivalik ranges, river Ganga in the South-East and river Yamuna in the North-West, except those activities which are permitted by the Central Government after examining the environmental impacts:
- Location/siting of industrial units--It has to be as per guidelines given in the annexure or guidelines as may be issued from time to time by the Ministry of Environment & Forests, Government of India.
- Mining--Approval of the Union Ministry of Environment & Forests must be obtained before starting any mining activity.
- Tourism--It should be as per Tourism Development Plan (TDP), to be prepared by the State Department of Tourism and duly approved by the Union Ministry of Environment & Forest
- Grazing--As per the plan to be prepared by the State Government and duly approved by the Union Ministry of Environment & Forests.
- Land Use--As per Master Plan of development and Land Use Plan of the entire area, to be prepared by the State Government and approved by the Union Ministry of Environment & Forests.
K. P. GEETHAKRISHNAN
Guidelines for permitting/restricting industrial units in the Doon Valley area
Industries will be classified under Green, Orange and Red Categories, as shown below for purposes of permitting/restricting such industrial units in the Doon Valley from the environmental and ecological considerations:
- LIST OF INDUSTRIES IN APPROVED INDUSTRIAL AREAS, WHICH MAY BE DIRECTLY CONSIDERED FOR ISSUE OF NO OBJECTION CERTIFICATE WITHOUT REFERRING TO (MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT & FORESTS) (IN CASE OF DOUBTS REFERENCE WILL BE MADE TO MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT & FORESTS).
- All such non-obnoxious and non-hazardous industries employing upto 100 persons. The obnoxious and hazardous industries are those using inflammable, explosive, corrosive or toxic substances.
- All such industries which do not discharge industrial effluents of a polluting nature and which do not undertake any of the following processes:
Cooking of fibres and Digesting
Desizing of Fabric
Unhairing, Soaking, deliming and bating of hides
Washing of fabric
Trimming, Pulling, juicing and blanching of fruits and vegetables
Washing of equipment and regular floor washing, using of considerable cooling water
Seperated milk, buttermilk and whey
Stopping and processing of grain
Distillation of alcohol, stillage and evaporation
Slaughtering of animals, rendering of bones, washing of meat
Juicing of sugar cane, extraction of sugar Filtration, centrifugation, distillation
Pulping and fermenting of coffee beans
Processing of fish
Filter back wash in D.M. Plants exceeding 20 K.l. per day capacity
Pulp making, pulp processing and papermaking
Coking of coal washing of blast furnace flue gases,
Stripping of oxides;
Washing of used sand by hydraulic discharge;
Washing of latex etc.
- All such industries which do not use fuel in their manufacturing process or in any subsidiary process and which do not emit fugitive emissions of a diffused nature.
Industries not satisfying any one of the three criteria are recommended to be referred to Ministry of Environment & Forests.
The following industries appear to fall in non-hazardous, non-obnoxious and non-polluting category, subject to fulfilment of above three conditions :
- Rice Mullors
- Dal mills
- Groundnut decortinating (dry)
- Tailoring and garment making
- Apparel making
- Cotton and woollen Hosiery
- Hand loom weaving
- Shoe lace manufacturing
- Gold and silver thread and sari work
- Gold and silver smithy
- Leather foot wear and leather products excluding tanning & hide processing
- Manufacture of mirror from sheet glass and photo-frame
- Musical instruments, manufacturing
- Sports goods
- Bamboo and cane products (only dry operations)
- Card Board and paper products (Paper & pulp manufacture excluding)
- Insulation and other coated papers (Paper & pulp manufacture excluded)
- Scientific and Mathematical instruments
- Furniture (Wooden and Steel)
- Assembly of Domestic electrical appliances
- Radio assembling
- Fountain pens
- Polythene, plastic and P.V.C. goods through extrusion/moulding
- Surgical gauges and bandages
- Railway sleepers (only concrete)
- Cotton spinning and weaving
- Rope (cotton and plastic)
- Carpet weaving
- Assembly of Air coolers
- Wires, pipes-extruded shapes from metals
- Automobile servicing & repair stations
- Assembly of Bicycles, baby carriages and other small non-motorized vehicles.
- Electronics equipment (assembly)
- Carpentary-excluding saw mill
- Cold storages (small scale)
- Oil-ginning/expelling (non-hydrogenation and no refining)
- Ice cream
- Mineralized water
- Jobbing & Machining
- Manufacture of Steel trunks & suit cases
- Paper pins & U-clips
- Block making for printing
- Optical frames
B. LIST OF INDUSTRIES THAT CAN BE PERMITTED IN THE DOON VALLEY WITH PROPER ENVIRONMENTAL CONTROL ARRANGEMENT.
- All such industries which discharge some liquid effluents (below 500 kl/day) that can be controlled with suitable proven technology.
- All such industries in which the daily consumption of coal/fuel is less than 24mt/day and the particulars emissions from which can be controlled with suitable proven technology.
- All such industries employing not more than 500 persons.
The following industries with adoption of proven pollution control technology subject to fulfilling the above three condition fall under this category :
- Lime manufacture-pending decision on proven pollution control device and Supreme Court's decision on quarrying.
- Tyres and tubes.
- Refuse incineration (controlled)
- Flour mills;
- Vegetable oils including solvent extracted oils;
- Soap without steam boiling process and synthetic detergents formulation.
- Steam generating plants.
- Manufacture of office and house-hold equipment and appliances involving use of fossil fuel combustion
- Manufacture of machineries and machine tools and equipment
- Industrial gases (only Nitrogen, Oxygen and Co2)
- Miscellaneous glassware without involving use of fossil-fuel combustion.
- Optical glass
- Laboratory ware
- Petroleum storage & transfer facilities.
- Surgical and medical products including & prophylactics and latex products
- Foot-wear (Rubber)
- Bakery products, Biscuits & Confectioners
- Instant tea/coffee; coffee processing
- Malted food
- Manufacture of power driven pumps, compressors refrigeration units, fire fighting equipment etc.
- Wire drawing (cold process) & bailing straps.
- Steel furniture, fasteners etc.
- Plastic processed goods
- Medical &Surgical instruments
- Acetylene (synthetic)
- Glue & gelatine
- Potassium permanganate
- Metallic sodium
- Photographic films, papers & photographic chemicals
- Surface coating industries
- Fragrances, flavours & food additives
- Plant nutrients (only manure)
- Aerated water/soft drink.
- Industries falling within the above identified list shall be assessed by the state pollution control Board and referred to the Union Department of Environment for consideration, before according No Objection Certificate.
- The total number of fuel burning industries that shall be permitted in the Valley will be limited by 8 tonnes per day of Sulphur Dioxide from all sources. (This corresponds to 400 tonnes per day Coal with 1% sulphur).
- Siting of Industrial areas should be based on sound criteria.
- LIST OF INDUSTRIES THAT CANNOT BE PERMITTED IN THE DOON VALLEY
- All those industries which discharge effluents of a polluting nature at the rate of more than 500 kl/day and for which the natural course for sufficient dilution is not available, and effluents from which cannot be controlled with suitable technology.
- All such industries employing more than 500 perons/day.
- All such industries in which the daily consumption of coal/fuel is more than 24 mt/day.
The following industries appear to fall under this category covered by all the points as above:
- Ferrous and non-ferrous metal extraction, refining, casting, forging, alloy making processing etc.
- Dry Coal Processing/Mineral processing industries like Ore sintering beneficiation, pelletization etc.
- Phosphate rock processing plants.
- Cement plants with horizontal rotary kilns.
- Glass and glass products involving use of coal.
- Petroleum refinery
- Petro-chemical Industries
- Manufacture of lubricating oils and greases
- Synthetic rubber manufacture;
- Coal, oil, wood or nuclear based thermal power plants
- Vanaspati, hydrogenated vegetable oils for industrial purposes
- Sugar mills (White and Khandasari)
- Craft paper mills
- Coke oven by products and coal tar distillation products
- Caustic soda
- Electro-thermal products (artificial abrasives, Calcium carbide etc.)
- Phosphorous and its compounds
- Acids and their salts (organic & inorganic)
- Nitrogen compounds (Cyanides, cyanamides and other nitrogen compounds)
- Explosive (including industrial explosives, detonators & fuses)
- Phthalic anhydride
- Processes involving chlorinated hydrocarbon
- Chlorine, flourine, bromine, iodine & their compunds
- Fertilizer industry
- Paper board and straw boards
- Synthetics fibres
- Insecticides, fungicides, herbicides & pesticides (basic manufacture & formulation).
- Basic drugs
- Alcohol (Industrial or potable)
- Leather industry including tanning and processing
- Coke making, coal liquification and fuel gas making industries
- Fibre glass production and processing
- Manufacture of pulp-wood, pulp, mechanical or chemical (including dissolving pulp)
- Pigment dyes and their intermediates
- Industrial carbons (including graphite electrodes, anodes, midget electrodes, graphite blocks, graphite crucibles, gas carbons activated carbon, synthetic diamonds, carbon black, channel black, lamp black etc.)
- Electro-chemicals (other than those covered under Alkali group)
- Paints, enamels & varnishes
- Poly Vinyl chloride
- Cement with vertical shaft kiln technology pending certification of proven technology on pollution control
- Chlorates, perchlorates & peroxides
- Synthetic resin & plastic products.